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|People QuickFacts||Essex County||Virginia|
|Population, 2013 estimate||11,229||8,260,405|
|Population, 2010 (April 1) estimates base||11,151||8,001,031|
|Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013||0.7%||3.2%|
|Persons under 5 years, percent, 2013||5.5%||6.2%|
|Persons under 18 years, percent, 2013||20.6%||22.6%|
|Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2013||19.8%||13.4%|
|Female persons, percent, 2013||52.8%||50.8%|
|White alone, percent, 2013 (a)||57.1%||70.8%|
|Black or African American alone, percent, 2013 (a)||38.5%||19.7%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 2013 (a)||0.9%||0.5%|
|Asian alone, percent, 2013 (a)||1.0%||6.1%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, 2013 (a)||0.2%||0.1%|
|Two or More Races, percent, 2013||2.3%||2.7%|
|Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013 (b)||3.3%||8.6%|
|White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013||55.1%||63.6%|
|Living in same house 1 year & over, percent, 2008-2012||94.6%||84.7%|
|Foreign born persons, percent, 2008-2012||2.2%||11.1%|
|Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2008-2012||2.8%||14.7%|
|High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25+, 2008-2012||78.3%||86.9%|
|Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25+, 2008-2012||14.8%||34.7%|
|Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2008-2012||32.0||27.5|
|Housing units, 2013||5,765||3,412,460|
|Homeownership rate, 2008-2012||76.1%||67.8%|
|Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2008-2012||8.7%||21.5%|
|Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2008-2012||$165,700||$249,700|
|Persons per household, 2008-2012||2.52||2.59|
|Per capita money income in past 12 months (2012 dollars), 2008-2012||$21,522||$33,326|
|Median household income, 2008-2012||$42,446||$63,636|
|Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008-2012||12.7%||11.1%|
|Business QuickFacts||Essex County||Virginia|
|Private nonfarm establishments, 2012||303||192,7301|
|Private nonfarm employment, 2012||3,430||3,089,2411|
|Private nonfarm employment, percent change, 2011-2012||3.7%||2.0%1|
|Nonemployer establishments, 2012||727||529,636|
|Total number of firms, 2007||1,078||638,643|
|Black-owned firms, percent, 2007||S||9.9%|
|American Indian- and Alaska Native-owned firms, percent, 2007||F||0.5%|
|Asian-owned firms, percent, 2007||F||7.0%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms, percent, 2007||F||0.1%|
|Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2007||S||4.5%|
|Women-owned firms, percent, 2007||S||30.1%|
|Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000)||56,903||92,417,797|
|Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000)||8,496||60,513,396|
|Retail sales, 2007 ($1000)||224,598||105,663,299|
|Retail sales per capita, 2007||$20,827||$13,687|
|Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000)||19,386||15,340,483|
|Building permits, 2012||27||27,278|
|Geography QuickFacts||Essex County||Virginia|
|Land area in square miles, 2010||257.12||39,490.09|
|Persons per square mile, 2010||43.4||202.6|
|Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area||None|