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Geography is central to the work of the Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination.
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The Geographic Support System Initiative will integrate improved address coverage, spatial feature updates, and enhanced quality assessment and measurement.
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The Census Bureau's Director writes on how we measure America's people, places and economy.
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|People QuickFacts||Shelby County||Alabama|
|Population, 2013 estimate||204,180||4,833,722|
|Population, 2010 (April 1) estimates base||195,078||4,779,758|
|Population, percent change, April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013||4.7%||1.1%|
|Persons under 5 years, percent, 2013||6.1%||6.1%|
|Persons under 18 years, percent, 2013||24.7%||23.0%|
|Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2013||12.4%||14.9%|
|Female persons, percent, 2013||51.2%||51.5%|
|White alone, percent, 2013 (a)||84.4%||69.8%|
|Black or African American alone, percent, 2013 (a)||11.8%||26.6%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native alone, percent, 2013 (a)||0.4%||0.7%|
|Asian alone, percent, 2013 (a)||2.1%||1.3%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, percent, 2013 (a)||0.1%||0.1%|
|Two or More Races, percent, 2013||1.3%||1.5%|
|Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013 (b)||6.0%||4.1%|
|White alone, not Hispanic or Latino, percent, 2013||78.8%||66.4%|
|Living in same house 1 year & over, percent, 2008-2012||86.6%||84.9%|
|Foreign born persons, percent, 2008-2012||6.1%||3.5%|
|Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2008-2012||8.2%||5.2%|
|High school graduate or higher, percent of persons age 25+, 2008-2012||91.5%||82.6%|
|Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25+, 2008-2012||40.5%||22.3%|
|Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2008-2012||29.4||24.1|
|Housing units, 2013||82,471||2,189,938|
|Homeownership rate, 2008-2012||79.6%||70.2%|
|Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2008-2012||11.8%||15.8%|
|Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2008-2012||$196,000||$122,300|
|Persons per household, 2008-2012||2.62||2.54|
|Per capita money income in past 12 months (2012 dollars), 2008-2012||$34,081||$23,587|
|Median household income, 2008-2012||$69,379||$43,160|
|Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008-2012||7.7%||18.1%|
|Business QuickFacts||Shelby County||Alabama|
|Private nonfarm establishments, 2012||4,798||97,9381|
|Private nonfarm employment, 2012||74,570||1,585,7611|
|Private nonfarm employment, percent change, 2011-2012||-0.4%||0.8%1|
|Nonemployer establishments, 2012||15,459||315,382|
|Total number of firms, 2007||18,393||382,350|
|Black-owned firms, percent, 2007||5.7%||14.8%|
|American Indian- and Alaska Native-owned firms, percent, 2007||0.6%||0.8%|
|Asian-owned firms, percent, 2007||S||1.8%|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander-owned firms, percent, 2007||F||0.1%|
|Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2007||2.0%||1.2%|
|Women-owned firms, percent, 2007||30.5%||28.1%|
|Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000)||1,723,017||112,858,843|
|Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000)||4,385,596||52,252,752|
|Retail sales, 2007 ($1000)||2,520,488||57,344,851|
|Retail sales per capita, 2007||$13,737||$12,364|
|Accommodation and food services sales, 2007 ($1000)||301,893||6,426,342|
|Building permits, 2012||844||13,506|
|Geography QuickFacts||Shelby County||Alabama|
|Land area in square miles, 2010||784.93||50,645.33|
|Persons per square mile, 2010||248.5||94.4|
|Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area||Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metro Area|